Sorry I have not a picture of a goat to hand so you will have to make do with this lesser common redpoll that visited my garden last week.
I do not know about you but this part of the Jewish Law has always mystified me. It first appears in the second part of Exodus chapter 23 verse 19. Curiously the first part of the verse is a command to “bring the best of the firstfruits of your soil to the house of the Lord your God.” It is also repeated in Exodus 34 verse 26. But during the past year I came across an interesting fact about goats. I discovered that their mothers only produce milk for about six months after they give birth. Now I understand that observant Jews today go to great lengths to avoid breaking this law by not having any dairy products with any red meat whatsoever, not even drinking coffee with milk in it even if its not goats’ milk.But it occurred to me that the instruction is more to do with the maturity of the goat than the milk. In the following book of the Bible, Leviticus, in chapter 16 the instructions were given for the Day of Atonement. These included the necessity for two goats to atone for the atonement of the people’s sin, one to be sacrificed and the other to become the scapegoat. Therefore, I suggest that the command in Exodus was to prevent the goats needed for the Day of Atonement being killed and eaten too early.
There was no logical explanation given to this command about cooking the goat in its mother’s milk at the time it was given. But God knew the circumstances that would lead to the Day of Atonement (the deaths of Nadab and Abihu) and sometimes God might give us an instruction that does not seem logical at the time it is given. Our immediate reaction is to question it and object to it rather than obey. Waiting for God to provide reasonable grounds why it should be necessary.
Even though the crucifixion was at Passover it was also the day of our atonement there are many parallels with what happened at Calvary, with Jesus being both the innocent goat that was killed and the scapegoat that carried our sin. There is a hint in this instruction that there was a danger that attempts would be made on Jesus’ life before His time was ready. In particular before He was weaned at the time of the massacre of the innocents. Not to mention other attempts on Jesus’ life.
David Rose, 2019.
Have you ever noticed that when demons encountered Jesus in the Gospels they actually spoke the truth. Considering that the devil is the father of all lies, there must be a reason for this. Equally, in the book of Job when the devil is summoned into the presence of God, he does not lie. There is obviously something governing this that is not directly referred to in the text. However, I think there is a clue in the wording of the Lord’s prayer where is says “Your will be done on earth as it is in Heaven.” Therefore when Satan was called into God’s presence to discuss Job he was unable to overrule the will of God and therefore had no option but to speak the truth. Equally, when Jesus walked this earth he often said that the kingdom of God (or Heaven) was near. Though humans were not usually aware of this, when demonic forces came into contact with Him the same rule applied, so they had to state that Jesus was “God’s Holy One,” or “the Son of God,” they were unable to deceive people by telling lies about Jesus in his presence. The last thing they wanted to do was to proclaim Jesus as the Messiah, but they could not help themselves when they came into contact with Him. True, Jesus silenced them, but I believe this was more because he was concerned about the crowd’s reaction to their acclamation rather than he was concerned about the demons going on to spout untruths. Jesus knew that the Jews were waiting for a messiah that would fight and overthrow the Roman empire, and on several occasions He had to take steps to avoid being hijacked as a figurehead for a Jewish revolt. Of course once he had moved on they would have been free to lie again if they had not been cast out. Sadly, though, spiritually blind humans who encountered Jesus were not always as obedient as these demons. Such as the time in the synagogue in Nazareth when the people rioted and tried to throw Jesus over a cliff.
However, there will come a time when we die and have to face God in our spiritual bodies and then we will find ourselves very deluded if we think that we can confront God and lie our way into heaven just because we have got away with it here on earth. Instead anyone trying to they would find the words drying up as they tried to speak. The only way to get into Heaven is by being covered by the “blood of the Lamb,” but we live in an age where there is no concept of the idea of a blood sacrifice. It is seen as primitive and the human society has evolved beyond that in the sophisticated West. No wonder there will be many who will say “Lord, Lord,” but Jesus will say “I never knew you.” They may accept that Jesus is the Son of God, take active parts in church ministry yet see the enormity of their own sin and the need for Jesus to die in their place though they may have mouthed the right words many times but never truly meant it.
David Rose, 2019.
Not the Sea of Galilee but the Beauly Firth.
At the end of John’s Gospel there is the account of the miraculous catch of fish. Over the years I have heard many sermons preached on it, both in the flesh and on Christian media. I would like to add a few miscellaneous thoughts that have occurred to me over the years. Firstly, not all the remaining disciples witnessed this event, only seven including Peter, they do not seem to have been doing much the previous day, so that may have been the Jewish Sabbath. In which case the events took place on the first day of the week. How far away the others were is not recorded, though not all the disciples were fishermen by trade. The down side of being a fisherman is that you tend to smell of fish, so maybe the others had sought alternative accommodation because they did not want to be near the fisherfolk and their associated smells. In which case they missed out on an encounter with Jesus. I ask you, how many Christians miss out on spiritual encounters because we are too sniffy about our fellow believers? There have been occasions around the Scottish coasts where revival has broken out in the fishing communities but the landward farming communities they lived along side were largely unaffected.
A second point is that Jesus never actually criticised Peter for going out to fish, though most preachers tend to see his act as backsliding. I see it as an attempt to put food on the table on Peter’s part. I think this is in part because full-time ministers and theologians tend to look down those who earn their living outside of the Christian bubble. In fact if you were just to listen to some sermons on this passage you could easily think that a large part of it was Jesus ticking Peter off for going out to fish! Too many expect God to show up when we are sitting on our backsides doing nothing. It has often been said that it is easier to turn a moving vehicle that one standing still, and I suspect Jesus met them on the shore because Peter took them fishing rather than despite that. If Peter had decided “I will just go to bed and have a good night’s sleep,” he would have missed the reward of the miraculous catch of fish, no doubt the sale of the bulk of the catch (less those they ate) would also help finance their accommodation in Jerusalem before Pentecost as well. Anyway, Jesus needed to get Peter alone so he could reinstate him as a leader.
Returning to my speculation that this took place on the first day of the week, if this was case, (you might say this is a big ‘if’) then this would account for three of the encounters of the recorded in Scripture being with Peter on the first day of the week. If you had have been a believer before the crucifixion then you might have just noticed a pattern and come to the conclusion that if you wanted to see the risen Lord all you needed to do was just hang around Peter on the first day of the week. This may account for the occasion referred to by Paul in 1 Corinthians 15 where he states that 500 people saw the risen Lord at one single appearance. After all it would seem to be unlikely that these 500 people just happened to be together randomly without a logical cause. Yet it was only the remaining members of the twelve that were there at the time of the ascension which happened to be on a Thursday which must have caught out the other believers.
There is one more thing I would like to add. Some years ago I was watching a Christian television channel which discussed this passage and somebody emailed in to say that the number of large fish, 153, also occurred in the book of Numbers chapter 7. However, that is not true, the number in that chapter is actually 135. Yet on subsequent occasions when this chapter is mentioned somebody emails in repeating this error. Either this is the same person or people do not check Scripture for themselves and just repeat what they hear. So beware.
David Rose, 2018.
When we read 2 Timothy chapter 3 verse 16:- “All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness,” it seems self-evident to everyone who comes from a churched background. We have heard it said, no doubt, that, of course, when Paul wrote this the Scripture he referred to was just the Old Testament. We should ask ourselves the question:- “Who in Paul’s day would dispute that?” The answer is the Sadducees, who believed that only the Pentateuch or the Torah, as the first five books of the Bible are known, were truly inspired. Paul as a Pharisee had been taught that all of the Old Testament was inspired. The problem was that when Pharisees debated with Sadducees they had to include some quotes from the Torah in order to win their arguments, but in doing that it gave the impression that the Torah was always trumps. But Jesus quoted most from the book of Isaiah (admittedly there is a lot of it to quote from), not from the Pentateuch. However, as the Gentile proportion of believers increased these arguments paled into insignificance. But today there has been a growth in the number of Jewish believers in Jesus, if they have come from a secular background to Christ they do not seem to have much of a problem accepting the New Testament as the inspired Word of God. Others that have been brought up in the “Torah is trumps” mentality seem to have more of a difficulty. They have an affinity to the Judaisers in the early church even if they deny it. Especially, with regards to Paul being the Apostle to the Gentiles, most first century Jews believed that God made Hell for the Gentiles so there was no point in evangelising them, and their modern counterparts ascribe everything to do with Gentile Christianity as being pagan. When other Christians refer to the fact that Christ fulfilled the Law they take as Jesus obeying the Law and living a perfect life as an example of how to live. The idea that in doing so that the New Covenant replaced the Old Covenant is anathema to them because it undermines their distinctive Jewishness. The problem the church has today with this kind of argument is that is so afraid of being accused of antisemitism, that it is does not know how to counter it effectively. Either it goes down the replacement theology route which risks denying the Jewish origins of Christianity, or it becomes too sympathetic and uncritical to anything Jewish and that includes the state of Israel. Just because “God blesses those who bless Israel,” does not mean that we should be blind to its faults.
The writer to the Hebrews, probably Paul but considering that he was hated by most Jews he chose to remain anonymous, writes in Chapter 7 concerning Jesus as an eternal High Priest in the order of Melchizedek in verses 11 and 12. “If it were possible for the Levitical priesthood to be perfect (and remember that the law given to the people recognised this priesthood had descended from Aaron), why was it necessary for another priest to come, One not like Aaron, but in the lineage of Melchizedek? A change of priesthood implies there is to be a change of law.” Such an argument did not go down well with those of Levitical descent in the first century and many Jews find it a difficulty today. Their attitude is not too different from the crowd in the Temple in Acts 22 after Paul seized when he said “The Lord commanded me, “Go! I will send you to the Gentiles in distant places.” who then erupted in violence at the very idea that God would send somebody to evangelise Gentiles. It was a pointless exercise as far as they were concerned all Gentiles, unless they converted to Judaism, were bound for eternal damnation. Their problem is that their view of God is too small, He created all the human race and He sent His Son to die for the whole human race, not just the Jews.
David Rose, 2018.
The Cairngorms from Nethybridge, with Castle Roy in the foreground left and the old parish church of Abernethy in the middle distance.
At the reading the title of this post your first thought would no doubt be – “Have you not got the wrong chapter?” expecting it to be about one of the more famous chapters that are always quoted in the New Testament. But bear with me, in the middle of this chapter in verse 4 and 5 states:- “For this is what the Lord says: To the eunuchs who keep my Sabbaths, who chooses what pleases me and hold fast to my covenant- to them I will give within my temple and its walls a memorial and a name better than sons and daughters; I will give them an everlasting name that will not be cut off.” So why is this important. Firstly, because priests were not allowed to be eunuchs because of the necessity of the heredity of the priestly line it would have been unthinkable to Isaiah’s original hearers. But come the start of the exile in Babylon this passage would have given hope to those taken into the service of Nebuchadnezzar and his descendants and successors. Daniel and his three friends would have had to become eunuchs in order to enter the king’s service. The rich food they declined to eat was meant as compensation for their loss. Daniel’s memorial, it could be argued, was to have a book of the Bible named after him. You can imagine him regarding these verses as a promise to which he clung to throughout his long life as an exile. The same could be applied to Nehemiah, for it is almost certain that as he held the position of cupbearer to the king that he was also a eunuch. Nehemiah was zealous during his period as governor in shutting the gates of Jerusalem during the Jewish Sabbaths. He was always saying “remember me” as if he was trying to remind God of His promise of a memorial. Having a book of the Bible after is a memorial that has lasted centuries.
David Rose, 2018.
Christianity has never existed in a vacuum but always in the context of social and cultural values. At times in the past Christianity has been able to influence popular culture but in more recent years the boot has been on the other foot. There have been times when Christians have loudly protested at times such as when Harry Potter novels became very popular, though that only surfaced in America when the large sum of money that J. K. Rowling was earning from the novels that patriotic Americans were objecting as much to the funds crossing the Atlantic as to the dangers of the occult which they were officially protesting about. At other times when popular culture attacks Christian values it is met with apathy, possibly because of the previous failures to turn the tide of secular thinking. In fact there are so many attacks from all directions that many Christians are often unaware of the more subtle ones.
Several years ago I read The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo trilogy by Stieg Larsson because I had heard people talking about in the media. I was surprised how morally challenging the books were. Being set in Sweden I was not surprised that they were written from a left-wing standpoint. But I was surprised to the degree the whole ethos of the characterisation of the various plots and subplots was opposed to Biblical values. Though I have to admit that this was in hindsight. Initially the first character you come across is the proprietor of a monthly magazine called Millennium which champion the “new morality,” who has just lost a libel/defamation case and gets sent to prison. To get his own back on the capitalist who brought the case, he is assisted by the eponymous girl who is an expert hacker. Though there was a warning early on when his daughter (he is divorced) makes a couple of brief appearances she is described as an evangelical Christian but he thinks the people she is associating with have brainwashed her, It was not so much that fact that he seemed to have sex with every woman he worked with that was disturbing to me. It was when the heroine uses the knowledge she has obtained by illegal methods to perpetrate a massive fraud on the aforesaid capitalist. Though this is treated as a side issue through the main twists and turns of the main plot where the heroine is depicted as a victim. She is never even suspected of the fraud by the Swedish authorities though falsely accused of other crimes including murder. All those the author deems good guys are secular, and left of centre or centre in politics. Anybody right of centre turns out to be fascist and treat their wives appallingly. Looking back I now see clear double standards being applied, I also heard that when the author died he left his unmarried partner nothing in his will even though she claimed she had helped him with ideas for his books. So much for the morally superior tone of his works.
When I look at the media today where many express similar views, and look to Sweden and other Scandinavian countries as utopian societies, one can see similar double standards operating. It is just that they are blind to their own prejudices. Too often people overlook the failings of people with similar views as mere foibles yet demonise those of their opponents as abhorrent. One of the problems the Church faces is that it is often unaware how much their congregations are taking in unbiblical attitudes and beliefs in without often realising how they absorb the ethos of the world around them. Instead of being the salt of the earth as Jesus said and impacting the world around it.
David Rose, 2018
One of my earliest posts on this blog was entitled- “Lurcher’s Crag, a question of revelation,” It used Lurcher’s Crag, which gets its name from the fact that it resembles in shape a breed of dog called a lurcher. Two photographs depicted the difference between head knowledge and revelation.
This photo represents head knowledge. With head knowledge one often only vaguely see why lurchers crag was so named.
Hopefully you will see the lurcher more clearly in this photo, at least the head, back and rear.
The background story to my first post was that when I first came to Aviemore I was told how Lurcher’s Crag got its name but when I looked at it I only vaguely saw it. Many years later its features were pointed out to me more clearly. And when you can see it in conditions like the second picture you can make it out easier in the first. The same is true when God reveals something to us through His Word or Spirit. When we look back we can see events in a different light. However, God reveals different things to different people. Sometimes we appear to be at cross purposes with unbelievers or even other Christians because we see the second picture in our minds when what they see is the equivalent of the first. This can lead to frustration on both sides and requires patience to overcome any difficulties.
There a second point that I would like to add. There are times for days in end when the Cairngorms are covered in cloud and mist and there is no chance of discerning the lurcher. The fact is that when God reveals Himself to Christians in some way oy other he does not do so to give them some warm fuzzy feeling. More likely the exact opposite. The testimonies of many of the great Christians of the past have shown that their greatest spiritual experiences often happen just before if not during periods of great trial in their lives. You want an Isaiah chapter 6 revelation of God? Well tradition has it that Isaiah was the person referred to In Hebrews chapter 11 who was sawn in two. Still sure you want an Isaiah chapter 6 encounter? Be careful what you pray for, God might just give it to you.
David Rose, 2018. [The original post “Lurcher’s Crag, a question of Revelation.” was published in December 2012.]
When you read the account of Nabal and his dealings with David and his men in 1 Samuel chapter 25 the first reaction is liable to be along the lines of – “I am glad that I am not like him.” But I find that when I think those kind of thoughts alarm bells should be ringing – Hypocrisy Warning! As a descendant of Caleb, Nabal had a great spiritual heritage but it did not do him any good in the end. It has often been said that God has no grandchildren and Nabal is a case in point. I suspect that Nabal’s surliness was, at least in part, due to him thinking he was superior because he was a descendant of Caleb and not mere coincidence. If you come from a situation where you have a good spiritual heritage it is easy to become arrogant and complacent. You are in danger of becoming an old and cracked wineskin. Back in Genesis Jacob had prophesied about the tribe of Judah, that the “sceptre will not depart from Judah.” Nabal, no doubt, assumed that this referred to his family when it in fact referred to David and his line, and ultimately Jesus. Hence his attitude to David, even if he had heard that Samuel had anointed David he did not recognise the anointing. When you look at the history of the church and revivals the harshest critics have come from within. Many English Christians dismissed the 1904-5 Welsh revival as “Welsh emotionalism.” I have to admit that at times I have been very sniffy about some of the newer expressions of Christianity and styles of worship. It does not take very long for what was the cutting edge of the Lord’s work to become the ‘stick-in-the-muds’ in the next generation or move of God. Now you might not be from some great Christian church or movement and have found yourself on the receiving end of other’s disapproval. It is quite likely that David expected better treatment from Nabal because he was a descendant of Caleb, but I hope your reaction to that was less extreme than David had his men. But beware lest one day you find yourself dismissing others in the same way. Having said that, there a lot of false teachings and practices out there to be sniffy about and we need to be careful. Nabal made a serious mistake and he paid the price and it would have been worse had not his wife Abigail not placated David and his men.
David Rose, 2018.
Last week I bought a jigsaw that had a picture of the Mona Lisa on it. As I have been doing it I have been thinking of the similarities between solving jigsaw puzzles and theology. When you first start a jigsaw you are faced with a large number of pieces, most of which do not make a lot of sense as to where they fit in. Likewise when we become Christians we look at the Bible and it is easy to get confused with the different parts, trying to make sense of it all. One of the great dangers when you work at solving a puzzle is that you try and force a piece into the wrong place. At first, when it is only attached on one side, it might seem right but as you progress it begins to look wrong. If only because you cannot find any of the other pieces that fit in around it. However, just because the pieces do not fit in the way we want it to, does not mean that some of the pieces are missing. In fact you may have noticed that I have deliberately chosen a picture of the puzzle as a work in progress. This is because our theological understanding is a work in progress. I have even found out that some of the pieces shown in the picture were in the wrong positions. Too many Christians are making their theology fit their world view, instead of letting their world view be formed by their theology, i.e., Bible based and God centred. I have to admit that some of my theological opinions have changed over the years, though I am not talking about core doctrines here. The problem if we persist in the analogy of trying to force pieces in the wrong place we reject some of the pieces we have and look elsewhere for ones we hope will fit. That leads to many errors and false teachings. So beware.
David Rose, 2018.
Large fritillary taken earlier today.
At the beginning of Acts Chapter 16 Luke refers to Paul and his companions as “they” but in verse 10 he begins to use the pronoun “we” though no clue is given in the text how Luke suddenly appeared among the group. This change is so innocuous that it is easily overlooked. Considering that it is generally believed that Luke was a native of Antioch and a brother of Titus, you would expect some clue to the circumstances of him joining Paul at Troas. The fact that Luke never mentions his brother in Acts might suggest that Luke blamed his brother for getting him into a lot of tight scrapes as a result of accompanying Paul on his journeys. It seems unlikely that Luke was called upon because Paul was seriously ill because Paul managed to survive a severe flogging in Philippi a relatively short time later. But have you ever considered what might have happened if Luke had not met up with Paul before he departed to Macedonia? Might it have been that both the Gospel of Luke and the book of Acts might not have been written? Now the preceding verses relate that Paul had not been intending to go Troas at all. Instead he seemed to have zigzagged across what is now western Turkey. The question that I found myself asking was to what extent the delays that Paul and his companions experienced allow Luke to catch up with them. Now it is only human for some of Paul’s companions to begin to question Paul’s sense of spiritual direction so it might have taken some time to persuade them that his vision of the Man from Macedonia was actually genuine. In the meantime Luke appears on the scene coincidence or God-incidence? [For more on my views on Luke’s influence on Paul see the post “Parts of the body” which was posted in December 2016.]
I suspect that there are some people out there who will read this post who have gone through, or are going through, times where the Lord seems to lead you into a series of cul-de-sacs. I put it to you that you might be waiting for a “Luke” to catch up with you before you get on the boat for the next stage in your spiritual journey. In fact I found that I have had to put a previous post I had started in the trash before I started this one, so I know the feeling. If Luke had failed to catch Paul at Troas, then the best next thing would have been less of the Book of Acts being written as an eye-witness, the worst case scenario would have been that Luke then gave up chasing after Paul and went back home, in that case there would only be 25 books in the New Testament.
David Rose, 2018.